Are all lessons the same?
As you watch the video demonstrations, you will see two distinct types of lessons: procedural skills and cognitive skills.
Procedural skill training helps the patient learn a specific sequence of activities. Remembering what to do and demonstrating the necessary physical skills indicate that the patient can follow the procedure.
The procedural lesson begins with the instructor briefly introducing the purpose of the lesson, the expected outcome, and how the procedure fits into the grand scheme of all of the skills to be learned. An outcome would refer to what the patient will be expected to do following the lesson as evidence that learning has occurred. The body of the lesson begins with the patient watching the teacher perform the skill. The patient will read aloud each step in the procedure as the teacher demonstrates that step. Next, the patient reads each step in the procedure and performs that step for him/herself. This simple act helps create a link between words and actions, thereby increasing the chance that the patient will remember all steps. The teacher watches and provides guidance as needed.
This sequence continues until the patient can perform the procedure independently.
It is important to pace the learning in a manner easily managed by the patient. If new skills are presented too quickly, the learner may have trouble recalling what was previously learned. It is also important to model the learning outcomes without too much extraneous information entering into the learning process.
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