Teaching Nurses to Teach: Peritoneal Dialysis Training

How do I plan an individual lesson?
A lesson is an instructional sequence of events built around a topic or set of procedures that maximizes the opportunity for learning to occur. A lesson consists of five components:

1. Introduction > 2. Presentation of Information > 3. Practice > 4. Feedback > 5. Test

You can see the sequential nature of the components. Each component has specific characteristics that should be included when you teach. Throughout these Web pages, we will be examining each of the lesson components within the context of teaching patients how to perform peritoneal dialysis. You can watch a nurse model good teaching as she works with patients. There will also be an explanation as to why these techniques will help your patients’ learn peritoneal dialysis.

Each lesson will focus on a skill, an idea, or the combination of skills and ideas that are important for patients to learn in order to be successful with dialysis procedures. For example, teaching a patient the difference between the meaning of “clean” and “sterile” would be one lesson. Another lesson may teach a patient how to maintain a sterile field when connecting the catheter and tubing. A third lesson could build upon these two earlier lessons and concentrate on helping a patient recognize when a sterile field has been contaminated. As you identify your lesson topics, write down the skills that your patients should achieve within each of those topical areas. You will use each of these topics to plan lessons; for that reason, it is important to organize them.


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Program Planning
1. Introduction
Lesson Planning
2. Presenting New Information
Procedural Skills
Cognitive Skills
Responding with Feedback & Guidance
Preparing for Training
3. Building in Practice
Lesson Planning
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